Thank you for reading thecheers.org's political articles.

Sahan Africa (Matthew Bryden): Trafficking and smuggling routes

 article about Sahan Africa (Matthew Bryden): Trafficking and smuggling routes
2017-04-18 07:32:42
According to the study of Sahan, three main routes are taken by migrants and refugees, in which there are a number of smuggling and trafficking networks.

The First route: The central Mediterranean route
This route goes through Sudan and Libya via ways of Humera and Metema. Smugglers offer free rides to lure clients. The migrants are expected to make their first payment on their arrival otherwise they will be prone to being sold off to ransom collectors. Often times, women are raped by Libyan militia and many others are subdued to hideous treatments; severe beatings and torture.

In case these refugees and migrants fall in the hands of the Islamic state (IS) they are most likely executed (beheaded). This was stated in Sahan's study "They were held up by an IS checkpoint. The IS fighters separated the Christians from the Muslims, with some refugees and migrants feigning devotion to Islam in order to be grouped with the Muslims"

Many migrants - specifically Sudanese - avoid this route and choose to enter Egypt instead of Libya. Then they carry on to Alexandria where they can look for boats to take them to Europe.

Ethiopian police discovered an integrated network that spans from Ethiopia to Sudan, and Khartoum is becoming a hub for smuggling networks.

The Second route: The corridor to South Africa - Study by Sahan Africa
Migrants of several nationalities - notably Ethiopians - cross the border to reach Kenya.
Once in Kenya, they are usually connected to smugglers who will drive them to Tanzania and sometimes all the way to South Africa. Other migrants choose to leave the continent and cross to the other side of the Atlantic - Latin America- some even travel forward to the USA.

These migrants and refugees run the risk of being arrested in Kenya or Tanzania as a result of the treaties signed between these countries and Ethiopia.

The 3rd route: the Gulf route (Study by Matthew Bryden from Sahan Africa think-tank)
Prior to 2013 around 500.000 people - mostly Somalis and Ethiopians - crossed the red sea and the Gulf of Aden. Thousands of them go missing as soon as they reach the shores of the Gulf countries, particularly women. The number of people taking this route dropped after 2015 when Saudi Arabia announced that they will no longer tolerate irregular migrants. This path is becoming hard to manage because of the Yemeni conflict. Despite the drop of the number of people taking this route, the UNHCR keeps on documenting a huge number of people smuggled from Somaliland and Puntland coast. Between July and September 2015 over 5000 people were registered as arriving to the Arabian coast through this route which is also used to smuggle weapons between the Somali coast and Yemen.




have your say


more in Politics
Trump vs Obama - a story of a delusional man
Sahan Africa (Matthew Bryden): Trafficking and smuggling routes

We seem to be in an age of narcissists, and sadly enough too many of the voters don't seem to be able to see it. So from this perspective, I guess, they deserve the narcissist as a president.

Trump - the protector of peace and harmony? Right.
Sahan Africa (Matthew Bryden): Trafficking and smuggling routes

After the bomb scare yesterday that was targeted at Clintons, Obamas, and CNNs office, Trump said that No nation can succeed that tolerates violence or the threat of violence as a method of political intimidation, coercion or control. Such conduct must be fiercely opposed and firmly prosecuted.

Is Kellyanne Conway on drugs?
Sahan Africa (Matthew Bryden): Trafficking and smuggling routes

The lady MUST be on drugs - any other explanation would not explain her ridiculous statements.

Trump and Iran - story of a current bully with a fractured ego and a street fighter trying to survive the world
Sahan Africa (Matthew Bryden): Trafficking and smuggling routes

After withdrawing from the multinational deal with Iran, Trump said that Iran is "treating us with much more respect right now, than they did in the past." With all his years in business, has Trump only learned one thing?

Why hasn't Trump still shared his tax returns?
Sahan Africa (Matthew Bryden): Trafficking and smuggling routes

Trump has been asked to share his tax returns numerous times. Yet, he still hasn't done it. But why? While all of the following could be wrong, if he's not sharing them, there must be a reason for it.

thecheers.org

Welcome to TheCheers! We've been around for a long time now, since 2004, publishing articles by people from all over the world. Roughly 300 people from 30 different countries have written for us over the years. Should you want to become a volunteer contributor, be sure to contact us!

Educational resources
Entertainment Blogs
get in touch

You can contact us via The Cheers Facebook page or The Cheers NEW Twitter account.